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1.

My favorite post even though I hated it at the time was the first post on Kant, While I didn’t agree and had trouble understanding I took a guess which I usually wouldn’t do and was right, it gave me confidence in myself since.

My least favorite post was the very first one, I believed that I’d be fine if I waited until the last minute and learned that the workload doesn’t allow that.  Because of that I didnt have developed answers, to change it I’d go back and allow for more time.

The hardest post was the one on animal rights because I’m an animal lover and it was hard to set aside feelings.

The posts I learned the most from would be the entire final assignment because I never would have thought to look for ethics in the book, and now it has opened my eyes to many applications.  That’s the type of learner I am.

*I will add the links asap, I have not been in computer access recently.

2

Most interesting was how different other people’s opinions were. Like throughout individual lessons and the entire course, one week I would agree south someone the next I wouldn’t, and this was the same even in just a single post sometimes. It’ll help me in the future because I need to realize a co worker may agree with one thing I think but not always others, same friendship and family.

3
I don’t think my views have changed I just feel like now I’m more aware and have my eyes opened to how and why I believe these things.

4.
I would teach it in the same format I liked the blogs. I would be sure to keep all the people we did but maybe add in something like cultures ethics to genocide because it happens everywhere today so it’s a current application. It also would have been cool to have a free week to choose a topic or idea and talk about it.  I understand these ideas probably would never work with the semesters length though.

I would recommend this to other students, I learned a lot and had to think and question my beliefs and for people who like that I feel like it a good class to have in preparation for growing into a future career no matter the path.

Who Says You Can’t Have It All? (FP4)

Final Paper

 

Ever been told money isn’t everything? Did anyone truly understand what they meant or did you just go with it? Through ethical analysis and interpretation of the book “How to get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia: A Novel” shows that many people don’t understand this idea until they lose things closest to them.  Are you different? Has this already happened? What does it really take for people to see what they have and is it possible to learn this without loosing everything?

~Sarah

Moral Book Review (FP3)

How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia’s moral and ethical descriptions match very closely to the ideals that we discussed when we were learning about Kant.  Kant had been trying to find universal laws that applied to all humans and one of his determinations was that all humans had tenancies to be dishonest and that it is human nature to be corrupt.  Kant said that people only looked into doing things for their own self gain.  Examples of this were found throughout the book through the corruptions, when the boy took the DVDs from the store he did so to benefit from contact with the girl, when the man made a water company based through taking empty bottles and refilling and resealing them and reselling them without saying that’s how it was done, he did that to get money not to give people clean water, when the man’s trusted associate ran away with the money it was obvious he wasn’t doing it to try to help the company in any way.  Kant would overall excuse these examples because they would be done through human nature and wouldn’t have been the person’s fault.

 

The style of this book made it easy to read.  It spoke as a guide that sarcastically mocked other guides but went and explained steps anyway.  The language was easy to understand and kept me interested in the book.

 

Life is not all about money.  If you step on others to get rich you will loose everyone close to you in the process.  All the money in the world is not worth throwing away family and friends.

 

My culture is american but not quite the american culture many children have today with less respect but kind of like my parents culture.  I am ethnically Irish and Lithuanian but since I was born and raised in the US that is the culture and values I have grown up to.  I currently don’t really consider myself part of any communities other than the people at work which I guess counts.  I don’t consider myself as part of the Worcester State community because I feel like I don’t fit in with many people anymore and no longer feel attached, sometimes I talk with people in classes but never really continue past that.  My culture influences who I am because I live and make decisions based on it.  I respect people and make decisions based on my culture, its the bases for everything I and everyone does.

Values:

1.  don’t judge people based on who they love

2. love people for who they are not what I want them to be

3. work hard, don’t be lazy or expect others to do your work for you

these are influenced by my culture because I grew up and was raised with these values so they are the values and expectations I know to act in.

My personal ethics agree with Aristotle’s beliefs that we desire happiness.  I agree with Singer that people allowing animals to suffer isn’t right but that the terror they experience is different than humans, I still refrain from the idea of harming or altering animals like glofish.

 

(http://fc02.deviantart.net/fs26/i/2009/247/7/d/To_Write_Love_on_Her_Arms___1_by_stolen_designs.jpg)
I chose this image because To Write Love on Her Arms is a community that i earlier forgot to mention i consider myself part of. Anyone who has experienced self injury either first hand or from a friend would understand how much of a community this cause formed.

You believe, I believe. (L6A1)

“Subjectivism treats individuals as billiard balls on a societal pool table where they meet only in radical collisions, each aiming for its own goal and striving to do the other fellow in before he does you. This atomistic view of personality is belied by the fact that we develop in families and mutually dependent communities, in which we share a common language, common institutions, and habits, and that we often feel each other’s joys and sorrows. As John Donne said, “No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent.”” ~Louis Pojman

This paragraph is saying that subjectivism bring induviduals together only in extreme ideas with people trying to get points to someone without opinion before anyone else does.  This sees people as living in families and communities where beliefs, values, language and habits are all the same that people are able to understand and feel each others happiness and sadness. This explains that no person is completely individual but a part of a whole.

I chose this paragraph because I both agreed with it and disagreed with it for different reasons.  I disagrees that people come together just to butt heads and try to beat the other to a point, while people can be like that we are not always like that and not everyone ever is.  I agreed with the idea that people who grow up together in the same situations are able to have many of the same joys and sorrows and will generally have the same basic moral views.

As a universal value, members of one culture have no right to evaluate the moral values of another culture.
I agree with this statement to an extent.  Cultures are very different and many things we consider good may be absolutely unacceptable for another culture, such as the way we dress versus the way people in the middle east dress, they are cultural opposites but we have no real right to judge them as dressing wrong, its the same way with moral beliefs.  But in extreme cases I believe we do have the right to step in and evaluate moral values of another culture, such as cases where things like genocide are occurring and the group doing the killing may not see a problem in their behaviors.  It is situations like this where countries with the same general moral value in the value being examined in the other culture, step in and attempt to stop the situation that brought them in.  Killing is one of the only moral values I feel like we have the right to evaluate because of its seriousness.

I was more in support of the argument of subjectivism as described above.

The argument against conventional relativism is strong to me.  From what I understood its based on culture, and that while yes your cultural background does play a huge role in your moral beliefs, it can lead to a general grouping of a lot of people into a group whose beliefs they may not agree with, unlike how subjectivism is based on smaller groups.

I believe everyone with a strong set of moral beliefs is allowed to make moral judgements because they can compare what they believe to what others believe.  This does not mean I think people can just say someone is wrong and move on.  As educated people we have the capabilities to look at both sides, see something is different than us but not necessarily wrong.

(http://www83.homepage.villanova.edu/richard.jacobs/MPA%208300/theories/scan0001.jpg)
I chose this picture because it shows how different areas can have different views as well as legal codes and that many people who believe the same thing either grow up together or move to an area of people liek them when they are able to.

Lists (FP2)

Morally Right:

The father moving the rest of the family out to the city

The children attending school

The main character’s refusal to let any water not purified get sold even when there are fuel and power shortages halting production in the early stages of the business (even though this is about reputation and not morality).

The main character loving his son and wishing he got to spend more time with him, even if he was unable to due to the water business.

The main character’s now ex-wife paying to give him the surgery that will save his life and give him more time.

The relief the man realizes he feels when separated from his fortune makes him appreciate more things in life.

 

Morally Wrong:

The teacher, who didn’t want to be a teacher, beating on children in his class.

The main character stealing DVDs for the pretty girl to watch.

Every character throughout the story who skimmed money out of companies they worked at, although everyone did it that doesn’t mean it was morally right, especially when the main characters most trusted adviser who was his wife’s brother, stole most of the businesses money while the main character was in the hospital.

The boy’s sister who was married at a young age and went back to the village to start having children and raising a family.

The oldest brother having to work in poor conditions as a painters assistant at a young age to contribute money to the family.

The pretty girls manager taking advantage of her and her situations.

The amount of bribery required to get a meeting or make grounds of any sort, it keeps people who don’t have large amounts of money out of important decisions and out of achieving things that would get them more money or business.

The wife’s “modest” salary from her non-profit.

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Virtuous, good characters:

The main characters mother and father because their only real focus in their life in the story was to

The sister because she goes back to the village to raise a family and that is her only focus.

The brother because, although he stays in the city, he is focused on his family.

The son, but this is because he is young throughout the story and innocent.

The main character when a child and when he is old and looses his fortune because he is just focused on getting by rather than getting a fortune.

The pretty girl because although famous she never stepped on anyone to get there (at least not described in the book).

The (ex)wife, because even though the main character ignored her and her needs throughout their marriage she still paid for the surgery to save him, as mentioned before.

 

Not good Characters:

The teacher because he hated teaching and wanted to be a meter man where he could do less work and be more corrupt, so he took it out on students.

The pretty girl’s first adviser who she became involved with, and through my interpretations, used her beauty and interest in a model career to make sexual advances on her.

The main character when he was at the height of his career because he was running a water bottling company taking old bottles and just refilling them to make a profit which was bad because it was lying to buyers, but less bad because he at least made sure he had the water purified rather than letting people get sick, but the lying made it more bad than good.

The main characters most trusted adviser who took the chance when the main character was in the hospital to steal all his money and escape, making him the worst robber in the book.

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Pleasure Increase:

The feeling of being educated

Being able to move to the city and live together as a family again

His first sexual encounter with the pretty girl

The feeling of moving up in the world and getting richer

Having a wife (the main character however did not find pleasure in this)

Having a family and children

Living the rest of his life with the pretty girl, who was his first and seemingly only love

 

 

Suffering Increase:

Illnesses felt when living in the village

The attempt’s on the main characters life

The paranoia of constantly being afraid to loose fortune

Having the heart attack and constant future health problems

Loosing fortune/having it be stolen away

Deaths and losses of loved ones over time

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~Sarah

My gender is female.  To me that means nothing in terms of my identity. I know other people may look at me once way due to being a girl, but to me its just a label and a binary people are crammed to fit in.  Many people who are one gender may like things that are labeled as specific to the opposite gender, an example could be a man who likes ballet or, in terms of care and justice, a woman who does not have a strong maternal instinct.  For me in terms of care, I’m not particularly good at care of justice, by that I mean I’m a caring person to friends and family but I have trouble if i’m trying to take care of someone sick or a young child if they’re getting fussy, but i’m also not good with justice and have troubles standing up for myself in certain situations, so according to what we’ve ;learned in this lesson I don’t seem to fit into a particular care/justice gender, but I believe its very important for people to have an equal balance of both in life.

My very best friend is my girlfriend Kristin.  We both trust each other in every respect equally, an treat each other equally and fair because to each other we are equals and no one deserves to be treated over the other, and if one person gets to pick something or act over the other at one time we make sure its equaled out the next time(s).  We also have equal amounts of love and caring, but don’t express it in ways that would smother each other or make each other uncomfortable, that was something learned through experience.  We also have empathy for each other in a way that I feel like people close enough also feel, its like instead of feeling sorry or bad, you practically feel the same pain just because they may be suffering.  Lastly in terms of responsibility it is split so that neither one of us is left with all the responsibility and pressure with the other feeling powerless.  All of these discussed qualities are pretty easy, for us at least, to keep up in our relationship because they are qualities that make sense and seem fair to us.

I believe you can have more than one best friend, they are like extra close friends who you feel like you can share the same amount of life as you could with one.  I personally only have one best friend because its like a special bond we have, and I’m not personally good at trying to keep a balance between more than one relationship that strong at the same time.  I have other good friends but I like to keep what Kristin and I have as special.  I’m interested to see how everyone else in the classes views differ on this because every person and every relationship they have is an original circumstance.

Down Syndrome Abortions? (L5A1)

This may be either a really good topic for me to discus or a really bad topic for me to discus

I’m open to abortion in certain situations, but also don’t have a strong opinion because its never been THAT important to me.

I don’t believe its completely wrong for parents to abort a fetus with trisomy 21.  While the parents have a responsibility to the fetus because they made it, they are the adults and if they are old enough to make the fetus they are old enough to be able to understand what the decision to abort entails for them and the fetus.  I try to refrain from using the term baby because in many cases people may not see the fetus as a baby until it is actually born.  I usually only advocate abortion as an option when it puts the mother at risk since I believe that while the fetus is a life it doesn’t have the same moral rights as humans until it is actually born.  I know this is a really hard idea to defend but a fetus has no capabilities to do anything without the mother providing life, the mother holds this life into her own moral standards, and that idea will vary from person to person.  A moral responsibility the parents hold is to genuinely know if they will be able to provide for a baby with Down Syndrome, not many people will adopt someone with Down Syndrome (although I do know a family that did), and if no one will the child will never grow up with full potential for their needs.  If the parents are unable to provide, and are completely sure knowing they can’t go back that they can abort and live with themselves, then it may be an option.

I just described a few circumstances that would be justified, to me at least, to abort, but the levels of this vary depending on the conditions.  If the parents were planning to have a child and the fetus tested positive I feel like they would be more likely to keep the fetus, but if they didn’t I feel like it would be the least justified because they knowingly tried to bring a child into the world and think its acceptable to just throw them away if they’re not perfect.  I feel if it was an accidental, but legitimate pregnancy from a married couple it would be somewhat justified depending on their circumstances to abort, many couples don’t plan to have a child until they are financially ready, and with a child with Down Syndrome extra money and care would be needed and could cause too much strain on an entire family.  If the case was pregnancy by rape then there is most justification due to the fact that the woman did not choose to get pregnant and if keeping the child would be constantly reminded of the circumstances and person who raped her.  I left teen pregnancies out of this because it is more likely to occur in older pregnancies, but if i were to morally explain it i would say while it is justified due to the means they wouldn’t have to raise any child especially a special needs one, I believe in younger cases it isn’t always the parents decision if they aren’t particularly morally developed.

I believe strengths of the morally testing is wrong argument are that the first test has a very low accuracy rate, and then the second 2 tests carry the chance of miscarriage and people may not have chosen to abort they may have just been tested to know and may have lost the child in the process.  I also know the church view is that its not God’s will to know, but I believe that we were able to create the ability to do it so that’s not a strong claim to me.

I believe all of this can go back to Aristotle’s happiness.  People are going to choose to abort based on what they think their future ability to be happy will rely on, but this also plays off of that to go to if the baby is born will the child be able to live a happy life in the given circumstances.

http://www.livescience.com/37258-fetal-blood-test-down-syndrome.html

If this was able to work effectively and on a large scale, many of my arguments of testing being wrong are taken out of the equation.

“Women’s connectedness is not always a good thing.  When our primary relationships lack reciprocity of valuing, we risk losing (or failing to develop) self esteem.  Valuing others independently of their utility is at the core of both respect and love, and being so valued is important to self esteem.  In respect we appreciate others as like ourselves in certain fundamental ways; in love we also cherish their particularities.  Identifying and valuing ourselves in terms of relationships to others who likewise identify and value themselves in reaction to us can leave us with enriched self esteem.  But when our primary attachments are those who define an attach themselves by what they take to be their own achievements while they define and value us in terms of our relationships to them, we are encourages to best assimilate, not really to affiliate.  We risk becoming extensions, tools.  Our caring does not have the same meaning that it has when it is valued because it comes from us.  It is not the same as self esteem…” ~Card

This paragraph is saying that a woman being connected can be a bad thing sometimes.  If in a friendship someone doesn’t treat you the way you treat them you can lose self esteem.  It is important to like people, not because of how smart they are, but because of who they are and certain things they do.  You can have a high self esteem by valuing other people like you value yourself.  When friends see themselves for their achievements and and what they gain from them and see us only from our relationships to them we lose self esteem and become a tool.

I chose this paragraph because I feel like it defines one of the more important concepts from this weeks reading.  I feel like this paragraph spends a lot of time to attempt to describe self esteem in terms of relationships for women, but I feel like it is such a large and important topic that this time was needed to fully get her point across.  I agree with this paragraph and would like to add the idea of romantic relationships as well as friendships because in the world today there are a lot of cases where men don’t treat women for just the sake of being with them because of who they are.  These relationships occur more in younger people, and women aren’t always as innocents as I make it sound, but a lot of the way women let themselves be treated is due to gender splits and women begin to think there is no other way life can be.

I believe the ethics of justice and care are not all as different as many cases have made them out to be.  I think they do opposite jobs but are important in keeping balance in life.  I think the only reason they are viewed as so different is because justice became attributed as a male and caring as a female role.  Neither is really specific of a specific gender it has just, over time, become attributed to specific genders.

The most basic qualities of friendships are the ones most important regarding ethics.  Good friendships are based on, as mentioned above, liking the person for who they are not what you can gain from them and their friendship.  This explanation is the moral consideration behind friendships and even relationships in general this was even shown in the book for the final.  It isn’t moral to look at people as a means to an end or benefits or any way that you can gain something, this was explained when we went over Kant and was once again mentioned in my chosen paragraph, treat others the way you would want to be treated.

Empathy to me is when you feel bad for someone, but not in a way that you look down on them, its like you feel their pain.  I can think of many situations where I have felt empathy towards others, the most recent when a co-worker friend of mine lost her sister-in-law and it was natural to feel the empathy because my family has had a pretty rough year as well.  I feel like empathy plays an important role in a friendship and ethics because no one wants a friend to feel sorry for them, but they also want to have pain acknowledged.

I don’t think more emphasis on personal caring relationships will encourage people to be more apathetic to larger ethical issues because some people will think of relationships as important and confusing, and I feel like others would be uninterested in these relationships and loose interest in any other ethical considerations.  I feel like no matter the situation or the emphasis people are going to find interest in ethics in varying levels of importance on their own.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-Lp2uC_1lg&feature=kp

When I thought of friendship or love song this was the song I thought of.  This shows dedication and love no matter the circumstance.   I’ve listened to this song most of my life, country music has a way of explaining life and relationships in honest and real ways.  This shows that love is no matter what (its the same for friendships too) anything that happens its for the person not what they do.

As for my title, love and friendship are no different, my mom always told me she married her best friend, you dont realize how true this is until you fall in love with your best friend.  I did, that’s my life my best friend is the love of my life, but friendship and love are interchangeable for us because I’m sure everyone here has been or is in love, its so true isn’t it?

~Sarah

How to get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia

When reading this book it was difficult to remember that this was written as occurring around the current time.  Often it felt like we were back in time looking back at how life used to be until words like cell phone, DVD, and luxury SUV popped up.  Its so easy to forget that everyday there are people going through life and trying to get by just like this book writes about.  One of the most surprising things was in the beginning of the book, before getting used to the authors style, the sex scene between the mother and the father and how no one acknowledges it as strange that they did it with all 3 kids in the same room, in culture here we keep sex top secret and hidden from children, and such an act is though of as a private one, but in the village without space its just how things were.

I was surprised, yet not surprised at all to hear about all of the corruption and stealing; the pirated DVDs, borrowing/stealing the DVDs for the pretty girl, skimming money from employer companies, and in the end having a trusted adviser steal all the money.  This all happens here today and around the world, but so often we seem to forget quite how often it does happen.  And this book even encouraged some of it.  The end looking back at the choices “you” made you regret the decisions you made and wish you focused more on family and not quite so much on the money.  I feel like the book shows the very important fact, that money isn’t everything.

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